Lubricants
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

European Commission - Eurostat
Lubricants are hydrocarbons produced from distillate by product; they are mainly used to reduce friction between bearing surfaces. This category includes all finished grades of lubricating oil, from spindle oil to cylinder oil, and those used in greases, including motor oils and all grades of lubricating oil base stocks.

International Energy Agency (IEA)
Lubricants are hydrocarbons produced from distillate by product; they are mainly used to reduce friction between bearing surfaces. This category includes all finished grades of lubricating oil, from spindle oil to cylinder oil, and those used in greases, including motor oils and all grades of lubricating oil base stocks.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
Lubricants are hydrocarbons produced from distillate by product; they are mainly used to reduce friction between bearing surfaces. This category includes all finished grades of lubricating oil, from spindle oil to cylinder oil, and those used in greases, including motor oils and all grades of lubricating oil base stocks.

UNSD Energy Statistics Section
Viscous, liquid hydrocarbons rich in paraffin waxes, distilling between 380oC and 500oC, obtained by vacuum distillation of oil residues from atmospheric distillation. Additives may be included to alter their characteristics.

Their main characteristics are: a flash point greater than 125oC; a pour point between 25oC and +5oC depending on the grade; a strong acid number (normally 0.5 mg/g); an ash content less than or equal to 0.3%; and a water content less than or equal to 0.2%.

Included are cutting oils, white oils, insulating oils, spindle oils and lubricating greases.