Issue, 24 April 2002
Secretariat of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Agency's Committee
on Energy Research and Technology are pleased to bring you this On-line Publication of Energy News.
ENERGY R&D POLICIES
and analysing energy policies in IEA Member countries is part of the mandate of
the International Energy Agency. This Special Issue of the OPEN Energy Technology
Bulletin is devoted exclusively to reporting on energy technology R&D policies
and programmes in some of the IEA countries and the national energy contexts in
which they have been shaped. Up-dates were provided by delegates at a recent meeting
of the IEA Committee on Energy Research and Technology. Highlights are given below,
with links to the more detailed up-dates and other relevant information sources.
BY COUNTRY (click to access)
Austria - Belgium - Canada - European Commission - Finland - Germany - Japan - Korea - Norway - Portugal - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - Turkey - United Kingdom - United States
Austria - Programmes based on principles of sustainable development, giving
equal weightings to ecological, economic and social dimensions - focus on bio-energy
and hydropower - orientation of electricity supply systems towards climate protection
- sustainable buildings - industrial processes and concepts - energy-efficient
mobility - long-term climate protection technologies in international networks
- Austria's Programme on Technologies for Sustainable Development. Overview: http://www.iea.org/impagr/CIP/reports/atrt02.pdf
"Building of Tomorrow" programme (en English): http://www.hausderzukunft.at/english.htm "Factory of Tomorrow" programme (in English: http://www.fabrikderzukunft.at/english.htm
Belgium - At Belgian Federal level, a plan featuring
energy efficiency in the various sectors, mobility and agriculture,
flexible mechanisms and fiscal tools. Designed with the aim of meeting
Belgium's Kyoto target of a 7.5% CO2 reduction against 1990 levels,
it includes green certificates, energy audits and certification, as
well as standards and voluntary agreements with fiscal exoneration
for energy-efficiency household equipment.
National Climate Plan: http://www.deleuze.fgov.be/site/text/PLAN_NATIONAL_CLIMAT_060302.doc
Wallonia region energy website (in French): http://www.mrw.wallonie.be/dgtre/energie/
Flanders region energy website (in Flemish): http://www.emis.vito.be/
Canada - New collaborative work on climate change technologies - a new Foundation for
clean technology development and demonstration - strategic planning initiatives
to guide future science and technology investments - the launch of national review
and consultation on innovation and skills on a national and multi-sectoral basis
- special emphasis on biofuels, biomass, C02 capture and storage, clean coal,
fuel cells, hydrogen, lower-intensity oil and gas production and wind. Overview: http://www.iea.org/impagr/CIP/reports/cart02.pdf.
Canada's Innovation Strategy: http://www.innovationstrategy.gc.ca/cmb/innovation.nsf/pages/Menu-e
Government of Canada Climate Change Website: http://www.climatechange.gc.ca/
Natural Resources Canada web-site: http://www.nrcan.gc.ca
European Commission - A round-up on recent energy technology developments
at European Community level. This includes shaping of the 6th RTD Framework Programmes,
which introduces a distinction between short-medium term and medium-long term
activities, sharper focusing, and continued support for nuclear research. Reference
is made to a review of technology dissemination and promotion activities in progress,
as well as proposed and adopted policy papers and directives. Overview: http://www.iea.org/impagr/CIP/reports/eurt02.pdf
"Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development" section of current EC 5th
Framework Programme: http://www.cordis.lu/eesd/home.html
Finland - The broad picture on Finland's technology
strategy, set against a backdrop of current trends in globalisation, knowledge
and competence development, the digital network economy, sustainable development
and social progress. Presentation on the programmes: http://www.iea.org/impagr/CIP/reports/firt02.pdf
National Technology Agency (TEKES) web-site: http://www.tekes.fi
Germany - News of a recent report describing the new orientation
in Germany's energy policies from 1998 to 2002, along with scenarios
for 2020 - new R&D projects for clean energy technologies, funding
levels and project priorities - the German Energy Agency, created
in 2000 as a national centre of expertise and information on energy
efficiency and renewable energies. Overview: http://www.iea.org/impagr/CIP/reports/dert02.pdf
Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology web-site (with link to
English version): http://www.bmwi.de/English/Navigation/root.html
Project Management Organisation http://www.ptj-jahresbericht.de
Japan - Aims and efforts on fuel cell R&D, for both
vehicles and stationary use - the Japanese government's New Climate Change Policy
Program, with its emphasis on notably promoting R&D for advanced energy efficiency
and C02 sequestration, in co-operation with industry and academia - the most recent
targets for introduction of new energy according to the Long-Term Energy Outlook
Report of the Advisory Council for Resources and Energy.
Web-site (in English) of Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
Korea - An outline of approaches and achievements
in development and deployment of climate-friendly energy technology, with pointers
towards future emphasis on medium- and long-term planning and system approaches,
rather than unit-focused technology development. Cleaner fossil-fuel combustion
is a major objective, and clean technology was written into Korea's 10-year R&D
Plan for Energy Technology (1997-2006).
Korea Energy Management Corporation web-site (with link to English version): http://www.kemco.or.kr
Norway - A public expert panel on gas technology presents
the Norwegian Government with recommendations on using R&D to stimulate
testing, commercialisation and introduction of new and environmentally
friendly use of gas in Norway, linking in hydrogen and C02-free gas
power. Overview of the recommendations: http://www.iea.org/impagr/CIP/reports/nort02.pdf.
Press release, including link to the expert panel's report (in Norwegian): http://www.dep.no/oed/norsk/aktuelt/pressem/026021-070042/index-dok000-b-n-a.html.
Ministry of Petroleum and Energy: http://www.dep.no/oed/global/language-no/index-b-n-a.html.
SINTEF Energy Research: http://www.energy.sintef.no/uk_index.asp.
New energy agency: http://www.enova.no/?itemid=425.
Institute for Energy Technology: http://www.ife.no/english/
Portugal - The launch of E4, a six-year programme
to support a new government policy initiative promoting energy efficiency and
use of endogenous energy resources - work areas at the national laboratory, INETI,
including co-combustion, waste conversion for energy production through pyrolysis,
clean coal technologies, hydrogen production - findings of a forum to map out
renewables requirements and potential - INETI's new strategy, based on an inter-disciplinary
approach - a profile of the new Portuguese Energy Agency.
National Institute of Industrial Engineering and Technology (with link to
English version): http://www.ineti.pt
for Science and Technology (in Portuguese): http://fct.mct.pt
Spain - Energy network planning is high on the Government
agenda, with a draft policy document based on a scenario up to 2011, in which
the targets are security of supply, competitively priced and environmentally-friendly
energy to meet 3.4% annual growth in energy demand. Fuel mix trends are examined.
Institute for Energy Diversification and Economy (in Spanish): http://www.idae.es
Economics Ministry (in Spanish): http://mineco.es.
Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology (with link to English
Sweden - A set of recent government bills aimed
at energy security and climate objectives - a look at energy research and development
strategy, including an energy foresight project viewing the Swedish energy system
from both a European and a global perspective - facts and figures on Sweden's
current energy situation and policy approaches - financial incentives.
(including numerous links to further information): http://www.iea.org/impagr/CIP/reports/SERT02.PDF.
Swedish Energy Agency (with link to English version): http://www.stem.se.
Swedish government website (with link to English version): http://www.regeringen.se
Switzerland - Up-dates on the energy mix -
the new SwissEnergy programme, featuring measures to reduce consumption of fossil
fuels, stabilise electricity use and increase the contribution of renewables -
the current approach to opening up the electricity market - RD&D policy concepts,
objectives and funding, with figures on RD&D expenditures from 1990 to 2001.
See also: www.energy-research.ch and www.swiss-energy.ch
Turkey - Emphasis on clean use of domestic and renewable
sources, on energy efficiency and conservation, particularly in energy-intensive
industry - Turkey's new Energy Technologies R&D Programme and Action Plan in the
making - the Energy Systems and Environmental Research Institute works to contribute
to Turkey's global competitiveness and sustainable development targets.
Web-site of the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey (in English): http://www.mam.gov.tr/eng/index.html
United Kingdom - The Energy Review: A Performance and
Innovation Unit Report (long-term policy challenges in the UK) - a report from
the Government's Chief Scientific Adviser's Energy Review Group (Government support
for energy RD&D) - Cleaner Coal Technology Demonstration Plant Review - the Renewables
Obligation - Renewables R&D Programme - Bio-energy Capital Grants Scheme - Offshore
Wind Capital Grants Scheme - Large-scale Building Integrated PV Field Trial for
Public Buildings - The Carbon Trust.
Overview and website addresses: http://www.iea.org/impagr/CIP/reports/ukrt02.pdf
UK Department of Trade and Industry web-site: http://www.dti.gov.uk
United States - Spotlight on key technology advances within
the US Department of Energy's laboratories - performance in diverse
fields, incorporating both basic science and new energy technology
development - ranging from portable electrical power to sonic waves
that help recover natural gas from clogged storage sites, or hybrid
solar cells combining nano-technology with plastics.
US Department of Energy web-site: http://www.energy.gov/engine/content.do