International Energy Agency 18 November 2010
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Welcome to the OPEN Energy Technology Bulletin, which comes to you free of charge from the International Energy Agency (IEA) and its Committee on Energy Research and Technology. It brings regular updates on activities within the IEA's energy technology and R&D community that are contributing to energy security and protection of the environment and climate worldwide.
 

Two-stroke scooter emissions, toxicity
Testing and evaluating ocean energy
Trends in photovoltaic applications
Smart grid technology roadmap

Newsletters from IEA programmes
Natural gas vehicles
Energy-efficiency private investment
Clean energy in Africa
Free IEA statistics
Energy policies of Czech Republic
   


8th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, Liege (Belgium), 13-15 December 2010. 

IEA Clean Coal Centre First International Workshop on Cofiring Biomass with Coal, Drax, Yorkshire (United Kingdom), 25-26 January 2011.

Fifth International Conference on Clean Coal Technologies – CCT2011, Saragossa (Spain),  8-12 May 2011. 

10th IEA Heat Pump Conference, Tokyo (Japan), 16–19 May 2011.

2nd Oxyfuel Combustion Conference, Queensland, (Australia), 12-16 September 2011.

The 2010 SHC Solar Award from the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (IEA SHC) has been presented to Helmut Jäger, founder and general manager of Solvis, a thermal solar systems manufacturer.


1. Electric vehicles:  stepping up the pace
.  With persistently high oil prices and recently tightened road vehicle fuel economy and emissions standards in the United States, Europe, China and elsewhere, electric vehicles are an increasingly hot topic. The IEA estimates that one billion electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles must be on the world's roads by 2050 if carbon dioxide emissions are to be halved. 
To give some international impetus to the drive for development and deployment of the technology, nine countries and the IEA recently cemented their Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI). Bringing together China, France, Germany, Japan, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United States and the IEA, this EVI partnership was a key focus at the IEA's Advanced Vehicle Leadership Forum, held at the Paris Motor Show early in October. The mandate of the EVI includes increased co-ordination in three areas: information and data collection/sharing; RD&D; and city-level planning for electric vehicles. Lew Fulton is in charge of the IEA's involvement in this project. The OPEN Bulletin questioned Dr. Fulton on advances and challenges in the fast-moving world of electrically driven and other advanced-technology vehicles.  Click to access the interview.

2. Do renewables hold the key?  This is the weighty question addressed by the IEA programme on Renewable Energy Technology Deployment (RETD) in its report Achieving Climate Stabilization in an Insecure World: Does Renewable Energy Hold the Key? RETD's downloadable 59-page study notes that transitioning to low-carbon energy is technically feasible, that there is urgency and that renewables plus energy efficiency constitute the major routes to climate-change mitigation objectives. The authors point compellingly to the message that aggressive climate change mitigation saves money in the long term. The RETD publication, which takes account of non-energy sector emissions, is the fruit of almost three years of modelling work on renewable energy in global energy scenarios, in collaboration with the IEA Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme (ETSAP).
The study’s analysis and conclusions are based on the RETD ACES Scenario model (Achieving Climate and Energy Security), which targets atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at 400 parts per million of carbon dioxide-equivalent, rather than the customary 450 parts per million, which is estimated to offer only a 50% probability of limiting the global average temperature rise to 2oC. Download the report and the flyer. RETD is one of 41 IEA international energy technology collaborations.  

3. How to design an energy technology roadmap.  If the world’s energy future is to be clean, clever and competitive, wide-ranging technologies for innovative energy infrastructure and end-use must be rolled out. But effects of the global economic crisis have slowed urgently needed research, development and deployment in many countries. As they strive for global energy sustainability, government and corporate planners face tough strategic choices. Guidance from the IEA’s Energy Technology Roadmaps has proved its worth here.  These roadmaps show how sustainable development and deployment milestones for individual technologies can be reached between now and 2050 by addressing technical, regulatory, policy, financial and public-acceptance barriers, and by involving all stakeholders in concerted action.
To enable users to plot roadmaps tailored to specific national, regional or sectoral needs, the IEA has just published Energy Technology Roadmaps – A Guide to Development and Implementation. This downloadable 30-page publication explains how to create a roadmap and how to manage, monitor and adjust the roadmap process to reach defined goals. Download here.  See below for the newly launched first phase of the IEA Smart Grid Technology Roadmap.

4. Energy efficiency policies that deliver. If the IEA’s 25 energy-efficiency policy recommendations were applied globally, carbon dioxide emissions equal to 200% of those currently emitted by the European Union could be saved each year. Why is this not happening? Reasons vary according to sector. In the case of electrical appliances, for example, perfectly good standards and labelling policies may fail to bite because technical capacity and know-how for compliance testing are lacking. This is among the important barriers addressed in the first of the IEA’s new energy efficiency Policy Pathways brochures:  Monitoring, Verification and Enforcement - Improving Compliance within Equipment Energy Efficiency Programmes. Like others to come in the Policy Pathways series, this 56-page downloadable guide goes a major step beyond recommendations by providing policy makers and other stakeholders with “how-to” guidance for hands-on action to capitalise better on energy-efficiency policies.
The second IEA Policy Pathways brochure, focusing on a sector claiming 40% of energy in most countries, can also be downloaded: Energy Performance Certification of Buildings - A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency. The next Policy Pathways guide will deal with energy management in industry. Consult the Policy Pathways: Q&A Fact Sheet.

5. Televisions and energy performance. When shaping sustainability policies that will affect electrical appliances and consumer choice, policy makers need to be well informed. Credible, reliable and timely information needs to be available about likely effects of this or that policy approach in relation to products entering the market. Experience gained in other countries can be beneficial. To generate technical insight in support of the policy-making process, an exercise mapping television performance standards in six countries has been carried out by the Mapping and Benchmarking project within the IEA programme on Efficient Electrical End-Use Equipment (4E). Its conclusions can be downloaded in the report Benchmarking Energy Efficiency of New Televisions, which focuses on various key energy performance indicators for LCD, plasma and CRT television. The authors identify differences in performance between countries and discuss such issues as demographics and the evolving nature and use of products. Encouragingly, they point to broadly improving energy efficiency levels. The 4E Mapping and Benchmarking Annex webpages tell more about its work, notably on domestic cold appliances. Findings on washing machines, laundry dryers, air conditioners, lamps and lighting are in the pipeline. See also below for the 4E Mapping and Benchmarking Annex Newsletter. 4E is an IEA international collaboration.

6. New IEA international R&D projects, new participants. The portfolios of IEA Implementing Agreement collaborations evolve constantly to meet new challenges. New participants join their teams.

Energy & Greenhouse Gas Optimised Building Renovation is the focus of a new project within the IEA Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems  Programme (ECBCS). This Annex 56 will aim at developing rules and procedures, as the basis for future standards enabling cost-effective refurbishment of existing buildings.

• Two new projects launched by the IEA programme on Industrial Energy-Related Technologies and Systems (IETS) will focus on process integration in the iron and steel industry (Annex XIIII) and on industrial excess heat recovery (Annex XV). See also the IETS website's Ongoing Tasks page (scroll down).

• Australia has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems (SolarPACES).

• China has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme of Research and Development on Advanced Materials for Transportation Applications (IA-AMT).

• The Republic of Korea has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research and Development on Radiation Damage in Fusion Materials and to the Implementing Agreement on a Co-operative Programme on Nuclear Technology of Fusion Reactors.

• India has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research and Development on Radiation Damage in Fusion Materials.

• Portugal has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for Co-operation on Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Technologies and Programmes (IA-HEV).

• The Chinese Wind Energy Association (CWEA) has become a Sponsor in the Implementing Agreement for Co-operation in the Research, Development and Deployment of Wind Energy Systems (IEA Wind).

• Doosan Power Systems Limited has become a Sponsor in the Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme on Technologies Relating to Greenhouse Gases Derived from Fossil Fuel Use (IEAGHG).

• Vattenfall AB has become a Sponsor in the Implementing Agreement for the IEA Clean Coal Centre (IEA CCC).



Particle Emissions & Toxicity of 2-S Scooters;  General Issues of Small Engines. This 11-page Final Information Report comes from Annex XXXIII on emissions from two-stroke engines, which is part of the IEA Advanced Motor Fuels programme, one of 41 IEA international energy technology collaborations.

Development of Recommended Practices for Testing and Evaluating Ocean Energy Systems is the 34-page Summary Report that concludes the work of Annex II of the IEA Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement (OES IA). The full set of reports on this project can be downloaded from the OES IA website. Also downloadable is Dynamic Characteristics of Wave and Tidal Energy Converters & a Recommended Structure for Development of a Generic Model for Grid Connection, a recent release from OES IA Annex III on Integration of Ocean Energy Plants into Distribution and Transmission Electrical Grids. OES IA is an IEA international collaboration.

Trends in Photovoltaic Applications – survey report on selected IEA countries between 1992 and 2009. This latest key output from the IEA Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme (IEA PVPS) is intended to assist those responsible for developing the strategies of businesses and public authorities, and to help in the development of utilities' and energy service providers' medium-term plans. Download from the IEA PVPS website. Also downloadable are presentations from the IEA PVPS Workshop PV in Tomorrow’s Electricity Grids:  Problem or Panacea?, Valencia (Spain) 9 September 2010. 

IEA Smart Grid Technology Roadmap - First phase. Launched on 8 November at the Korea Smart Grid Week on Jeju Island (South Korea), this roadmap presents key findings and new analysis on regional carbon dioxide emissions reductions potential and smart-grid drivers, as well as advice on required action for key stakeholders to support smart grid development and deployment. Further publications associated with the IEA Smart Grid Roadmap will follow. Consult the IEA web page on technology roadmaps.

Free downloadable energy technology newsletters from IEA programmes.

- DSM Spotlight - Issue 38, October 2010 - from the IEA Demand Side Management Programme (DSM).
- ECBCS News – Issue No. 52, 2010 - from the IEA Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems programme (ECBCS).
- IEA Heat Pump Centre Newsletter  - No. 3, 2010 - from the IEA Heat Pump Programme (IEA HPP).
- 4E Mapping and Benchmarking Newsletter - Issue 3, October 2010 - from the IEA programme on Efficient Electrical End-Use Equipment (4E).
- OES-IA Bulletin -  October 2010 – from the IEA Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement (OES IA).

The Contribution of Natural Gas Vehicles to Sustainable Transport. This 84-page IEA working paper evaluates the potential costs and benefits of using natural gas as a vehicle fuel for road transportation and discusses policies associated with market development. Feedback and comments on this work in progress are welcome through this link.

Money Matters: Mitigating Risk to Spark Private Investments in Energy Efficiency. While there is widespread recognition of energy efficiency's advantages as a bankable investment with immense climate change benefits, most of the potential remains untapped, leaving a vast investment gap. This IEA report looks at why this is so, and what are the remedies. Feedback and comments are welcome through this link.

Summary report from the Climate Technology Initiative PFAN Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF), Johannesburg (South Africa), 14-15 September 2010. Bringing together more than 120 financiers, clean energy experts and representatives of financial institutions from across Africa and overseas, this event showcased a series of selected projects.  Visit the CTI website pages. The CTI is an IEA collaborative programme.

Free statistics from IEA. The iPhone/iPad version of the Key World Energy Statistics booklet is downloadable from the IEA website. Downloadable also the most recent data on CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion.

Energy Policies of IEA Countries - Czech Republic - 2010 Review - the latest in the IEA's series of reviews of energy policies in individual IEA countries. Visit the IEA Online Bookshop.

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8th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, Liege (Belgium), 13-15 December 2010.  Organised by the Thermodynamics Laboratory and the Department of Environmental Sciences and Management of the University of Liege in close co-operation with the IEA Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme (ECBCS), this event will enable researchers and specialists in buildings and in heating, ventilating and air-conditioning systems simulation to present papers and discuss the latest developments. Visit the conference website.

IEA Clean Coal Centre First International Workshop on Cofiring Biomass with Coal, Drax, Yorkshire (United Kingdom), 25-26 January 2011. Leading researchers will discuss wide-ranging questions on this technology for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from coal fired power stations. Visit the conference pages and the website of the IEA Clean Coal Centre, an IEA international collaboration.

Fifth International Conference on Clean Coal Technologies – CCT2011, Saragossa (Spain),  8-12 May 2011.  Organised by the IEA Clean Coal Centre and the Instituto de Carboquímica (ICB), Saragossa, on behalf of the Grupo Español del Carbón, this event  covering  clean coal technologies, developments in carbon capture and zero emissions technologies will provide an international networking opportunity for multiple stakeholders.  Visit the conference web page.

10th IEA Heat Pump Conference, Tokyo (Japan), 16–19 May 2011.  Taking as its theme “Heat Pumps - The Solution for a Low Carbon World”, this event will focus on heat pumps, air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment, and systems for residential, commercial and industrial applications. Under the auspices of the IEA Heat Pump Programme (HPP), it is designed for those interested in technical, market, policy and standards information. Visit the conference website. The IEA Heat Pumps Programme is one of the IEA international energy technology collaborations.

2nd Oxyfuel Combustion Conference, Queensland, (Australia), 12-16 September 2011.  Organised by the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme in partnership with the Callide Oxyfuel Project Ltd. and Xstrata Coal, this event will build on the success of the 2009 event. A central theme will be “Retrofitability of Oxyfuel Combustion Technology to Existing Power Plant”.  Visit the conference page on the website of the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG), one of the IEA international collaborations.

The winner of the 2010 SHC Solar Award is Helmut Jäger, the founder and general manager of Solvis, a thermal solar systems manufacturer. He received the award in October at the EuroSun 2010 International Conference on Solar Heating, Cooling and Buildings in Graz (Austria). The SHC Solar Awards are made to an individual, company or private-public institution that has shown outstanding leadership or achievements in the field of solar heating and cooling and that supports the work of the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (IEA SHC).