International Energy Agency 17 March 2010
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Welcome to the OPEN Energy Technology Bulletin, which comes to you free of charge from the International Energy Agency (IEA) and its Committee on Energy Research and Technology. It brings regular updates on activities within the IEA's energy technology and R&D community that are contributing to energy security and protection of the environment and climate worldwide.


Economics of power-sector transition
Newsletters from IEA R&D programmes
New energy technology data search tool
Energy technology systems analysis


IEA comments on emissions pledges
CCS: IEA Regulators Network
IEA R&D programme annual reports
All about the IEA - a new brochure

Joint ENARD/IEA workshop Electricity Grids - a key enabler in the delivery of a sustainable energy policy, Paris (France), 28 April 2010.

18th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Essen (Germany), 16-21 May 2010.

CTI PFAN Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF), Johannesburg (South Africa), 21 July 2010.

10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Amsterdam (the Netherlands), 19-23 September 2010.

16th SolarPACES Conference, Perpignan (France), 21-24 September 2010. 

EUROSUN 2010 - International Conference on Solar Heating, Cooling and Buildings, Graz (Austria), 28 September - 1 October 2010.

Third International Conference on Ocean Energy (ICOE 2010), Bilbao (Spain), 6-8 October, 2010.

31st Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre Conference, Seoul (Korea), 26-28 October 2010.

8th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, Liege (Belgium), 13-15 December 2010. 

10th IEA Heat Pump Conference, Tokyo (Japan), 16–19 May, 2011. 

1. Industry’s motivation for low-carbon energy. Pointers for concrete action to transition to a low-carbon economy were the outcome from a recent brainstorming in Paris between representatives from more than 30 major companies and senior IEA officials. Organised by the IEA in partnership with the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, this second Chief Technology Officers Roundtable at IEA Headquarters focused on how business leaders and governments can work together to develop and deploy low-carbon energy technologies through enhanced international collaboration. The gathering, on 2nd February, marked another step forward in the process of interaction and consultation with private-sector partners that provides IEA with precious insight for balanced policy analysis and advice to governments. To learn more about how IEA is catalysing deeper private/public-sector dialogue on addressing climate change and energy security issues, the OPEN Bulletin put three questions to the IEA’s Deputy Executive Director, Ambassador Richard H. Jones. Click to access the interview. Access the roundtable’s pointers for action here.

2. Combating rural energy poverty. Some 22% of the world's population still have no access to electricity.  An estimated 85% of them are rural dwellers in developing countries, largely in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. By 2030, a total of 1.3 billion could still be without electricity. Providing electricity to kick-start rural economies and enhance living conditions, health and education can present daunting challenges. What factors should be considered when planning projects to carry electricity to places where it can transform people's lives? What works best? Answers can be found in the IEA's newly published Comparative Study on Rural Electrification Policies in Emerging Economies: Keys to Successful Policies. Drawing on experience in Brazil, China, India and South Africa, this 115-page report identifies pre-requisites for successful rural electrification through stand-alone systems and grid extension. It draws on discussions at an IEA workshop among representatives from eleven emerging economies, nine IEA energy technology RD&D collaborative programmes and other stakeholders.  Download here.

3. Second-generation biofuels: a promising outlook.  By 2030, 10% of agricultural and forestry residues around the world could meet some 5% of global transport fuel demand.  Without competing with food production or raising sustainability issues, this second wave of biofuels could provide not only low-carbon fuel for the transport sector but also win-win solutions for farmers, especially in developing countries. Roughly two-thirds of the potential for second-generation biofuels is in non-OECD countries in Asia, Latin American and Africa. These are among the important findings from a new IEA study Sustainable Production of Second-Generation Biofuels – Potential and Perspectives in Major Economies and Developing Countries. The IEA put some questions about the shape of things to come for second-generation biofuels to Anselm Eisentraut, the man behind the study.  Access the interview here.  

4. Transforming sunlight into fuels. Numerous technologies are capable of turning sunlight into energy. But storing that energy is challenging. How can conversion into chemicals address the challenges? How does hydrogen come into the picture? A wealth of information on the technologies that convert solar energy into chemical fuels can be found in the 35-page publication Solar Fuels from Concentrated Sunlight. Downloadable from the website of the IEA Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems programme (SolarPACES), this handbook offers extensive technical matter but also presents the authors’ recommended strategies for transitioning to solar fuels and some concise messages  for policy makers.  Download here.  Visit the SolarPACES on-line library for more publications, including Global Concentrating Solar Power Outlook 2009 - Why Renewable Energy is Hot (published jointly with Greenpeace and the European Solar Thermal Electricity Association), in English, Spanish, German and Arabic.  SolarPACES is one of the IEA international RD&D collaborations.

5. Wind energy in cold climates, in large amounts. While there may be plenty of wind in areas where the climate is cold, temperatures do present technical issues associated with lower energy production, as well as risks like ice throw, noise, fatigue loading, environmental impact, and site access. Two cold-climate reports can now be downloaded from the website of the IEA Wind programme. Recommendations For Wind Energy Projects in Cold Climates (2009 Edition) indicates ways to accelerate growth of wind energy in cold climates and reduce risks. State-of-the-Art of Wind Energy in Cold Climates (2009) focuses on solutions to keep turbine blades free from ice, on indirect and direct icing measurements and an analysis of available icing models.  Visit the website of IEA Wind Task 19.

From Task 25 of IEA Wind, the report Impacts of large amounts of wind power on design and operation of power systems, results of IEA collaboration is now also downloadable. It notably discusses system impacts of wind power, integration costs, wind penetration levels, short-term power reserves, balancing costs and transmission planning and costs. Visit the website of. IEA Wind is one of the IEA international RD&D collaborations.

6. New IEA international R&D projects, new participants. The portfolios of IEA Implementing Agreement collaborations evolve constantly to meet new challenges. New participants join their teams.

Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standards is the focus of the new Task XXII of the IEA Demand-Side Management Programme (DSM). Its primary objective is to develop a best-practice guide for the design, development, implementation and monitoring of Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standards (EEPS), or mandatory obligations to increase energy efficiency or reduce energy intensity applied in different countries or regions. Visit the DSM website's Task XXII web pages.

Spain has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research and Development on Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems (ECBCS). 

Turkey has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research, Development and Demonstration on Bioenergy (IEA Bioenergy).  

The United States has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme on Hydropower Technologies and Programmes (IEA Hydropower).

Energesis Ingenieria, S.L. has become a Sponsor in the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research and Development on Energy Conservation through Energy Storage (ECES IA).

The Economics of Transition in the Power Sector. This 30-page IEA report considers the risk factors from a micro-economic perspective in the transition over the coming decades to more efficient, less-emitting types of power plant.  It looks at  the role of plant refurbishment and the “option value” of waiting for investors in electricity generation when exposed to a range of uncertainties.  Download the report here

Free downloadable energy technology newsletters from IEA international collaborative R&D programmes:
- AMFI NewsletterIssue No. 1/2010, January – from the IEA Implementing Agreement on Advanced Motor Fuels (IEA-AMFI).
- Electric Motor Systems Annex (EMSA) Newsletter – No. 1/2010, February 2010 – from the Electric Motor Systems Annex of the IEA Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme on Efficient Electrical End-Use Equipment (4E).
- Greenhouse Issues – Issue 96, January 1020 – from the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG).  This newsletter has a new look, as does the programme's website.

ETDEWEB New Feature: Narrow Your Search with Subject Clusters.  The Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) has a new feature in the shape of a navigation tool that helps users focus search results more narrowly. ETDE is one of the IEA international RD&D collaborations.

Presentations from the Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme Workshop (ETSAP), New Delhi (India), 18-23 January 2010.  Among the programme's eight sessions:  Climate Change and Mitigation, Energy Security and Co-benefits Analysis, New Emerging Technologies and Long Term Energy Models, Sustainable Cities & Habitats - Integrating Local Level Concerns in Planning. Visit the website of ETSAP, one of the IEA international programmes.

Responding to Climate Change: IEA Comments on International Emissions Reduction PledgesFollowing the UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen, the IEA has recently published comments on the pledges made at the December gathering. The document also contains individual countries’ quantified economy-wide emissions targets to 2020, as submitted to the UNFCCC, as well as nationally appropriate mitigation actions to 2020 (which for some countries takes the form of an economy-wide target).  Visit the IEA website.

IEA CCS Regulators Network – presentations and audio from the 14 January 2010 Webinar, which looked at how CCS featured in the recent round of UNFCCC climate change negotiations in Copenhagen and the CCS outcomes from the negotiations. The presentations and audio from the webinar can be found on the IEA website event page.
Also downloadable from the IEA website are the presentations and summary report from the second meeting of the IEA CCS Regulators Network in Paris on 20-21 January 2010. The meeting focused on the work that has been done to develop policy and regulation for CCS in different parts of the world including Europe, North America and Australia. Visit the web pages.

Annual reports from IEA RD&D collaborations: 
- IEA Bioenergy 2009 Annual Report;
- IEA Implementing Agreement on Demand-Side Management Technologies and Programmes 2009 Annual Report

- IEA Energy Conservation through Energy Storage Implementing Agreement Annual Report 2009.

All about the IEA. A newly released brochure provides a very complete profile of the International Energy Agency. It explores the Agency’s goals, its role, its extensive activities and its history.  The brochure can be downloaded from the IEA Website.
 

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Joint ENARD/IEA workshop Electricity Grids - a key enabler in the delivery of a sustainable energy policy, Paris (France), 28 April 2010. This workshop’s purpose is to provide high-level regional perspectives on the crucial importance of electricity networks and to present policy messages and highlights from the work of the IEA Implementing Agreement on Electricity Networks Analysis, Research and Development (ENARD) and the IEA Secretariat, in conjunction with the IEA Electricity Co-ordination Group (ECG). ENARD is one of the IEA international collaborative RD&D programmesClick to learn more about the workshop.

18th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Essen (Germany), 16-21 May 2010. This event for decision takers in politics, industry, research and finance will cover wide-ranging scientific, technological, deployment and policy questions relating to the role of hydrogen and fuel cells in a sustainable energy economy. The conference, which builds on previous conferences dating back to 1976, will feature a training and information session on hydrogen and fuel cells. The IEA Implementing Agreement on Advanced Fuel Cells is represented in the event’s organisation team. Visit the conference website, including the Programme and Session Plan.

CTI PFAN Africa Forum for Clean Energy Financing (AFRICEF), Johannesburg (South Africa), 21 July 2010. This forum of the newly launched AFRICEF will focus on selected clean energy projects and provide an opportunity to present proposed plans to potential investors. It is co-sponsored by the Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), one of IEA's collaborative technology programmes. For more information, go to the AFRICEF website
or contact kuroda@icett.or.jp.

10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Amsterdam (the Netherlands), 19-23 September 2010. This tenth conference in the series organised by the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG) will provide a platform for discussion on finding opportunities to implement greenhouse gas mitigation technologies and overcome the barriers to applying these technologies. Visit the conference website.

16th SolarPACES Conference, Perpignan (France), 21-24 September 2010.  For this event, IEA SolarPACES partners with the European Solar Thermal Electricity Association and with the DERBI French competitiveness cluster (Development of Renewable Energies in Buildings and Industry).  The conference will offer a forum for industry, research, political and financing stakeholders to discuss the future of concentrating solar energy, including a scientific and technical conference programme with a special emphasis on recent R&D results. Visit the conference website.

EUROSUN 2010 - International Conference on Solar Heating, Cooling and Buildings, Graz (Austria), 28 September - 1 October 2010. Organised by the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (SHC), ISES and other bodies, EuroSun 2010 will enable participants to exchange and discuss the latest R&D results and learn more about problems and their solution. Visit the conference website.

Third International Conference on Ocean Energy (ICOE 2010), Bilbao (Spain), 6-8 October, 2010.  Hosted and organised by the Ente Vasco de la Energía-EVE and Tecnalia, in partnership with the European Ocean Energy Association and the International Energy Agency's Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems (OES IA), this event will be a meeting place for the world’s leading ocean energy industry firms and experts. Visit the conference website

31st Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre Conference, Seoul (Korea), 26-28 October 2010. This 31st conference of the Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre (AIVC) will enable participants to update on low-energy and sustainable ventilation technologies for green buildings. AIVC is part of the IEA Programme on Energy Conservation in Buildings & Community Systems (ECBCS).  Visit the conference website

8th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, Liege (Belgium), 13-15 December 2010.  Organised by the Thermodynamics Laboratory and the Department of Environmental Sciences and Management of the University of Liege in close co-operation with the IEA Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme (ECBCS), this event will enable researchers and specialists in buildings and in heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems simulation to present papers and discuss the latest developments. Visit the conference website.

10th IEA Heat Pump Conference, Tokyo (Japan), 16–19 May, 2011.  Taking as its theme “Heat Pumps - The Solution for a Low Carbon World”, this event will focus on heat pumps, air conditioning and refrigeration equipment and systems for residential, commercial and industrial applications. It is designed for those interested in technical, market, policy and standards information. Visit the conference website. The IEA Heat Pumps Programme is one of the IEA international energy technology collaborations