International Energy Agency 17 December 2009
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Welcome to the OPEN Energy Technology Bulletin, which comes to you free of charge from the International Energy Agency (IEA) and its Committee on Energy Research and Technology. It brings regular updates on activities within the IEA's energy technology and R&D community that are contributing to energy security and protection of the environment and climate worldwide.

Optimising photovoltaics
Ocean energy publications
Energy storage in energy systems
Newsletters from IEA R&D programmes
Technology update briefs
Free access to technology database

Local authorities & energy efficiency
Climate negotiation issues analysed
Energy and development
Polyglot WEO Executive Summary
Fuel combustion CO2 emissions
Energy policies in Chile


Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme Workshop (ETSAP), New Delhi (India), 18-23 January 2010. 

CTI PFAN Asia Forum for Clean Energy Financing, Bangkok (Thailand), 4 March 2010.

18th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Essen (Germany), 16-21 May 2010.

10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Amsterdam (the Netherlands), 19-23 September 2010.

EUROSUN 2010 - International Conference on Solar Heating, Cooling and Buildings, Graz (Austria), 28 September - 1 October 2010.

Third International Conference on Ocean Energy (ICOE 2010), Bilbao (Spain), 6-8 October, 2010.

8th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, Liege (Belgium), 13-15 December, 2010.

First Global District Energy Climate Awards 2009 honour the University of Texas at Austin (United States) and the cities of Borås (Sweden), Copenhagen (Denmark), Dunkerque (France), Jiamusi (China) and Krakow (Poland).

1. IEA's active role at COP 15. IEA Executive Director Nobuo Tanaka's 14 December press conference at the the United Nations climate talks in Copenhagen presented an energy policy and technology blueprint that can deliver ambitious climate goals. "While the details of a binding agreement may not be completely worked out in Copenhagen", he declared, "it is more important than ever that participants send a strong, indicative and ambitious signal that can guide energy investment and policy decisions globally".
A series of IEA events, including the 16 December IEA Sustainable Energy Policy and Technology Day, are placing IEA officials and experts in the limelight with briefings on energy facts and analysis crucial to the debate underlying the Copenhagen negotiations. Deputy Executive Director Richard Jones joined the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) 11 December side event and also held meetings with industry representatives, working to strengthen co-operation. On the IEA website and at the IEA COP15 stand, the latest, most relevant IEA analysis is showcased, including much downloadable material. Visit the IEA website's events section.

2. From ocean motion to megawatts.  The experts say that the world's oceans hold enough energy to produce more electrical energy than the totality of every other form of energy used today. This weighty observation has sent engineers around the world to their drawing boards and generated numerous innovative projects, many of which are now advancing fast from development to demonstration and commercial exploitation. Widely differing technologies have been brought into play. Those exploiting wave and tidal energy are proving  attractive to investors. Tom Denniss is the Australian Government's representative on the Executive Committee of the IEA Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement (OES IA), one of 42 programmes operating within the IEA Framework for international collaborative R&D. The OPEN Bulletin asked Dr. Denniss to update readers on recent developments with wave and tidal energy.  Click here to access his article. Visit the OES IA website. Download the 2008 Annual Report. See also below for more recent publications from OES IA.

3. Steering transport away from CO2. Transporting people and goods already devours some 19% of energy consumed around the globe and it disgorges 23% of energy-related CO2 emissions. Without radical change, the next forty years could see a tripling of cars on the world’s roads, a doubling of trucking activity and a four-fold expansion in air travel. Transport could be claiming twice as much energy by mid-century as today, and emitting more than twice as much CO2, as shifts to synthetic fuels like coal-to-liquids kick in. How can the economic necessity of increasing mobility be reconciled with the urgent need to curb CO2 emissions?  Plenty of answers are provided in the IEA’s recently published Transport, Energy and CO2 – Moving Toward Sustainability. The authors show how combining better vehicle and fuel technology with careful design of government policies can very significantly reduce transport’s carbon footprint at a low marginal cost to society. See launch press release. Visit the IEA Online Bookshop.

4. Renewables in urban areas.  Half the world’s inhabitants live in urban environments that are responsible for more than 70% of global energy-related CO2 emissions. The numbers of urban dwellers will continue to grow, creating a constant need to adapt and upgrade energy infrastructure. Energy efficiency measures have been taken in many cities to reduce dependence on imported energy and reduce emissions. Drawing on more renewable energy could also meet those goals economically. IEA’s newly launched publication Cities, Towns and Renewable Energy - Yes In My Front Yard explains how. It includes case studies illustrating how determined moves by civil leaders to enhance deployment of renewable energy projects have been crowned with success, regardless of a community’s size or location. "Leaders of cities and towns around the world who support and promote local renewable energy projects can blaze the trail towards greenhouse gas mitigation, energy security, sustainable development and social benefits for their citizens,“ said Nobuo Tanaka, IEA Executive Director at the book’s 8 December launch in Paris.  Visit the IEA Online Bookshop.

5. New horizons for industrial heat pumps.  The benefits of heat pumps as a clean, efficient technology for heating or cooling space and water are well recognised and widely applied in the residential sector.  In industry, however, the heat pump has yet to make significant inroads, in spite of its attractive potential in terms of energy savings and avoided greenhouse gas emissions. Two IEA international collaborative programmes have just joined forces to raise awareness of this potential and promote medium and high-power heat pumps for heat recovery and heat upgrading in industrial process, as well as for heating, cooling and air-conditioning in industrial, commercial and residential buildings. These IEA programmes are the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research and Development on Heat Pumping Technologies (HPP IA) and the Implementing Agreement on Industrial Energy-Related Technology and Systems (IETS IA). In an article for the OPEN Bulletin, Hans-Jürgen Laue and Rainer M. Jakobs, Operating Agents for this new initiative, describe the reasons for the project and its objectives.  Click to access the article.

6. Gaps in global energy RD&D identified. If the transition to dependable supplies of clean, affordable energy is to become a worldwide reality, sustained technological innovation will be essential at each stage in the revolution. Is the current effort on research, development and demonstration (RD&D) sufficiently robust and well endowed to deliver the required technology solutions? Answers to these and many related questions can be found in the IEA's recently released downloadable report Global Gaps in Clean Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration. Prepared in support of the Major Economies Forum (MEF), this study provides estimates of current levels of public RD&D spending in MEF nations and some IEA countries. Focusing on selected technology areas, including advanced vehicles, bioenergy, solar and wind power, carbon capture and storage, energy efficiency and smart grids, the authors identify future RD&D priorities and assess gaps between current technology ambitions and levels needed to meet climate-change goals by 2050. Designed to inform policy makers and other stakeholders involved in RD&D investment prioritisation, this report can be downloaded from the IEA website.

7. New IEA international projects, new participants. The portfolios of IEA Implementing Agreement collaborations evolve constantly to meet new challenges. New participants join their teams.

• Use of heat pumps in industrial applications will be explored and promoted within a new project under the aegis of the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research and Development on Heat Pumping Technologies (HPP IA) and the Implementing Agreement on Industrial Energy-Related Technology and Systems (IETS IA). See article above.

“PV Performance and Reliability” is the name of a new project within the IEA Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme (PVPS IA). The goals of this Task 13 is to improve the operation, reliability, and thereby the electrical and economic output, of PV power systems and subsystems by providing a common platform for building and exchanging knowledge, and for disseminating this to different market actors.

Also within the new PVPS IA programme, Task 14 on “High Penetration of PV Systems in Electricity Grids” will work to reduce technical barriers to use of grid-connected PV in electric power systems at the higher penetration levels that may require additional efforts to integrate dispersed generators.

• South Africa has become a  Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement on Electricity Networks Analysis, Research and Development, (ENARD) and the Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme on Efficient Electrical End-Use Equipment (4E).

• Spain has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for Co-operation on Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Technologies and Programmes (HEV IA).

(UNIDO) has become a Contracting Party to the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research and Development on the Production and Utilization of Hydrogen (HIA).

• The Solar Electric Power Association (SEPA), has become a Sponsor in the Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme on Photovoltaic Power Systems (PVPS IA).

Reports and proceedings from the Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme (PVPS IA), one of the IEA international energy technology collaborations:
- Methodology Guidelines on Life Cycle Assessment of Photovoltaic Electricity. This downloadable 15-page publication explains how to perform life-cycle inventory analysis and life-cycle impact assessments of grid-connected photovoltaic electricity. 
- Urban Photovoltaic Electricity Policies - 25 downloadable pages of essential information on enhancing opportunities for wide-scale, solution-oriented application of photovoltaics in the urban environment.
- Overcoming PV Grid Issues in the Urban Areas. In 88 downloadable pages, the latest experiences and knowledge relating to PV grid issues in urban areas.
- Downloadable Executive Summary from the study Energy from the Desert  - Very Large Scale Photovoltaic Systems: Socio-economic, Financial, Technical and Environmental Aspects.
- Presentations from PVPS IA events: Workshop Towards a future of large-scale deployment of PV, Hamburg (Germany), 22 September 2009; Workshop in Anaheim (United States) 26 October 2009; Workshop PVPS@PVSEC-19 - national status information exchange, Jeju (Korea), 10 November 2009.

From the IEA Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement (OES IA), an IEA international energy technology collaboration:
- Guidance for Assessing Tidal Current Energy Resources - Generic and site-related data.
- Tidal-current Energy Device Development and Evaluation Protocol.
- Guidelines for the Design Basis of Marine Energy Converters.

"The Role of Energy Storage in Future Energy Systems" - Executive summary from a workshop in Bad Tölz (Germany), 30 September 30 – 2 October 2009, organised by the Energy Conservation through Energy Storage Programme (ECES), another IEA international energy technology collaboration.

Free downloadable energy technology newsletters from IEA international collaborative R&D programmes:
- AMFI Newsletter - Issue 4/2009, October 2009 - from the IEA Advanced Motor Fuels Implementing Agreement (AMFI - Annex XXVIII). 
- Bright Spark -  Issue 1, October 2009 - from the IEA Implementing Agreement for a Co-operating Programme on Efficient Electrical End-Use Equipment (4E).

Technology update briefs:
- Renewable Energy Essentials: Concentrating Solar Thermal Power, from the IEA Secretariat.
- Renewable Energy Essentials: Solar Heating and Cooling, from the IEA Secretariat.
- IEA-ETSAP Energy Technology Data Source Factsheets - 11 topics, in a newly launched series from the Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme (ETSAP), an IEA collaboration.

For developing countries, free access to energy technology database. More than 90 developing countries now have free access to the database of the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE). Forty countries were added to the list in November. Visit the web page of ETDE, one of the IEA’s 40 international energy technology collaborations.  

Innovations in Multi-level Governance for Energy Efficiency  - Sharing Experience with Multi-level Governance to Enhance Energy Efficiency. This freely downloadable 145-page study from the IEA looks at trends and developments in multi-level governance engaging regional and local authorities in energy efficiency programmes. Download from the IEA website.

Climate negotiations issues – papers recently produced jointly by the IEA and the OECD as part of their work in support of the Annex I Expert Group of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC):
- Matching Mitigation Actions with Support: Key Issues for Channeling International Public Finance.
- Sectoral Market Mechanisms - Issues for Negotiation and Domestic Implementation.
National and Sectoral GHG Mitigation Potential: A Comparison Across Models.

Energy & Development - following recent publication of IEA's, World Energy Outlook 2009(WEO), the IEA website has recently unveiled its Energy & Development pages, which present online data, analysis and studies on the critical issue of energy access among the world's poor, including the WEO-2009 new Electricity Access Database.

Now in ten languages, the Executive Summary of the 2009 edition of the World Energy Outlook (WEO) can be downloaded from the IEA website.

CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion - 2009 - An essential tool for analysts and policy makers, this latest book in the series traces how emissions of CO2 evolved from 1971 to 2007 in more than 140 countries and regions, by sector and by fuel. Visit the IEA Online Bookshop.

Chile Energy Policy Review 2009 - Drawing on experience of IEA member countries, this publication assesses Chile’s major energy challenges and provides recommendations. Visit the IEA Online Bookshop.

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Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme Workshop (ETSAP), New Delhi (India), 18-23 January 2010.  Learn more about this opportunity to exchange experiences, discuss ways to improve the tools and manage common activities from the programme website of ETSAP, one of the IEA’s 42 international energy technology collaborations.  

CTI PFAN Asia Forum for Clean Energy Financing, Bangkok (Thailand), 4 March 2010. Co-sponsored by the Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), one of IEA's collaborative technology programmes, this event will showcase high-quality clean energy projects from around the Asia region.  Access the programme here. Visit the CTI website.

18th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Essen (Germany), 16-21 May 2010. This event for decision takers in politics, industry, research and finance will cover wide-ranging scientific, technological, deployment and policy questions relating to the role of hydrogen and fuel cells in a sustainable energy economy. The conference, which builds on previous conferences dating back to 1976, will feature a training and information session on hydrogen and fuel cells.  The IEA Implementing Agreement on Advanced Fuel Cells is represented in the event’s organisation team.  Visit the conference website.

10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Amsterdam (the Netherlands), 19-23 September 2010. This tenth conference in the series organised by the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEA GHG) will provide a platform for discussion on finding opportunities to implement greenhouse gas mitigation technologies and overcome the barriers to applying these technologies. Visit the conference website.

EUROSUN 2010 - International Conference on Solar Heating, Cooling and Buildings, Graz (Austria), 28 September - 1 October 2010. Organised by the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (SHC), ISES and other bodies, EuroSun 2010 will enable participants to exchange and discuss the latest R&D results and learn more about problems and their solution. Visit the conference website.

Third International Conference on Ocean Energy (ICOE 2010), Bilbao (Spain), 6-8 October, 2010.  Hosted and organised by the Ente Vasco de la Energía-EVE and Tecnalia, in partnership with the European Ocean Energy Association and the International Energy Agency's Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems (OES IA), this event will be a meeting place for the world’s leading ocean energy industry firms and experts. Visit the website

8th International Conference on System Simulation in Buildings, Liege (Belgium), 13-15 December 2010.  Organised by the Thermodynamics Laboratory and the Department of Environmental Sciences and Management of the University of Liege in close co-operation with the IEA Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme (ECBCS), this event will enable researchers and specialists in buildings and in heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems simulation to present papers and discuss the latest developments. Visit the conference website

First Global District Energy Climate Awards 2009. The University of Texas at Austin (United States) and the cities of Borås (Sweden), Copenhagen (Denmark), Dunkerque (France), Jiamusi (China) and Krakow (Poland) were honoured on 3 November with Global District Energy Awards 2009. The awards, made in a cermony at the close of the District Energy Summit in Copenhagen, honoured local district energy leadership in providing clean, sustainable energy solutions. IEA chaired the panel of judges, which selected the six winners from 27 applications representing communities from 11 countries. Visit the website and read IEA's Event Notice.