No.6, 25 October 2002
IN THIS ISSUE
1. Transformers that Waste Power - IEA Identifies
Scope for Co-ordinated International Energy-Saving Effort.
2. Wind Energy - Long-Term R&D Needs up to 2020.
Towards a Hydrogen Economy? - Case Studies
on Integrated Hydrogen Energy Systems.
Energy Policy in India - Data Specialists from
India Study Energy Indicators Methodology at IEA Paris Headquarters.
5. Upcoming Events
from 7th IEA Heat Pumps Conference -- Sustainable
Buildings -- GHG
Balances of Biomass and Bioenergy Systems -- Bioenergy from Sustainable Forestry -- IEA
Energy Technology Information Centres -- Energy
and Climate Change, Past, Present and Future -- Energy
Policies of Greece -- IEA
1. Transformers that Waste Power - IEA Identifies Scope for
Co-ordinated International Energy-Saving Effort. Distribution
transformers may be necessary to convert high-voltage power
flows down to the required user-level voltage. But they can
incur standby-mode losses of up to 2% of total electricity generated,
representing almost one-third of overall system losses. And
yet the technology is available to reduce these losses. Replacing
even recent models of transformer can reduce losses by 75%;
and replacing transformers more than thirty years old can reduce
losses by 90%. Some countries have started to address the issue
by introducing specific policies to promote low-loss transformers.
An international dialogue between stakeholders is likely to
accelerate this trend. The IEA was a joint patron of the Third
International Workshop on Distribution Transformer Efficiency,
which took place in Treviso (Italy) on 17 September 2002.
For the Workshop website and other presentations: http://www.leonardo-energy.org/drupal/node/34.
For more about high efficiency transformers: http://transformers.copperwire.org/.
Energy - Long-Term R&D Needs up to 2020. For the next 20 years,
it is important to conduct the necessary R&D to facilitate large
and unconventional steps ensuring that the wind turbine and its
infrastructure interact in close co-operation. Adding intelligence
to the complete wind system and allowing it to interact with other
energy sources will be essential in areas of large-scale deployment.
Long-term research supported by society is needed in addition
to industrial research to increase the value of wind energy. The
IEA's international collaborative programme on wind turbines has
produced a full report on this key issue, Long-Term Research and
Development Needs for Wind Energy for the Time Frame 2000 to 2020.
To download: http://www.afm.dtu.dk/wind/iea/pdfs/Final%20IEA%20R&D.pdf.
See also the homepage of the programme (IEA Implementing Agreement
for Co-operation in the Research and Development of Wind Turbine
Contact - Programme Secretariat, P. Weis-Taylor: email@example.com.
Some forty international collaborative programmes exist within
the IEA's international energy technology collaboration framework.
For more information on the framework:http://www.iea.org/Textbase/techno/index.asp
3. Towards a Hydrogen Economy? - Case Studies on Integrated Hydrogen
Energy Systems. Hydrogen to power fleets of cars, vans and buses;
hydrogen for remote power; hydrogen for co-generation; and hydrogen
to store energy from renewable energy systems. Around the globe,
an increasing number of integrated hydrogen demonstration projects
are producing results. The IEA's international collaborative programme
on hydrogen has assembled a set of reports on some of these projects.
To access these Case Studies: http://www.eren.doe.gov/hydrogen/iea/case_studies.html.
For the hydrogen programme's website: http://www.eren.doe.gov/hydrogen/iea/.
4. Energy Policy in India - Data Specialists from India Study Energy
Indicators Methodology at IEA Paris Headquarters. How exactly
are energy use and resulting carbon emissions affected by economic
and technical factors like energy prices, GDP and new technologies?
Indicators of the impact of energy policies on climate and energy
security have for some years been a major area of IEA's work. The
methodology based on energy indicators that the IEA has developed
to analyse energy use has attracted the interest and involvement
of countries around the world, and not only IEA Member countries.
India's active interest in this effort, and in reaping the benefits
for shaping its own energy policies, led to a special IEA workshop
in India in April 2002. This examined the findings of an IEA feasibility
study on applying the IEA's Indicators Methodology in India.
on from that, a group of data experts from India was invited to
attend a mid-October workshop at IEA's Paris Headquarters to
themselves with the IEA's Energy Indicators Methodology. To access
IEA's paper on Energy Indicators work in India, "Curbing Energy
Demand? Where to Start?": http://www.iea.org/impagr/cip/pdf/india.pdf .
5. Upcoming Events
Bioenergy Production Systems International Workshop - Belo
Horizonte (Brazil), 28 October - 1 November, 2002. A spotlight
on the economic, social and environmental sustainability of
bioenergy production systems and fruitful strategies for the
For more information: http://www.ieabioenergy.com/events/Brazil2002/.
Publications & websites
from the 7th IEA Heat Pump Conference, 19-22 May 2002, Beijing,
(China). A wealth of information about heat pumps, air conditioning,
refrigeration markets, and their technology and applications,
was made available through this conference. A special session
was devoted to the rapidly developing heat pump and air conditioning
market in China. Ground-source heat pumps were also featured
during a special session. The IEA Heat Pump Centre Newsletter reports extensively on the conference highlights. A two-part
article presents an overview of international market developments
per region, with spotlights on China, France and Sweden, followed
by a discussion of technological and related market developments.
The newsletter also tells about a new sound power test laboratory
for HVAC equipment in Spain.
To access the newsletter: http://www.iea.org/impagr/cip/pdf/HPC_Newsletter_22002final1.pdf.
The full conference proceedings are available in print and on
CD ROM, and can be ordered from the IEA Heat Pump Centre: Fax:
+31 46 4510389; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Contact: J. Bouma@novem.nl.
The Centre's website: http://www.heatpumpcentre.org.
for Building Sustainability is the latest on-line Bookshop
Brochure from the IEA Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community
Systems (ECBCS) Programme. It provides an overview of some of
the recent publications about sustainability in buildings from
the ECBCS Programme's projects. For many years, the ECBCS Programme
has been writing high quality Books for Building Sustainability.
Contact: Janet Blacknell (email@example.com).
Gas Balances of Biomass and Bioenergy Systems comes
from the Task-38 team of the IEA's international collaborative
programme on bioenergy, the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement.
This Task focuses on application of methodologies to GHG mitigation
programmes. Readers will learn about a standard methodology
for greenhouse gas balances, as well as the team's objectives,
work and outputs/publications.
To download: http://www.joanneum.ac.at/iea-bioenergy-task38/description/task38folder.pdf.
Hard copies are available - contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
from Sustainable Forestry has been published by Kluwer
Academic Publishers for Task 31 of the IEA Bioenergy Programme.
Combining input from more than 25 international experts, the
book synthesizes guidance needed to design or implement sustainable
forest management systems for production of biomass for energy
in conjunction with other forest products. It provides the ecological,
physical, operational, social and economic information on harvesting
systems and biomass production needed by forest resource managers
and planners to evaluate the ability of specific forest regions
to sustainably meet bioenergy production demands.
To learn more, and to order: http://www.wkap.nl/prod/b/1-4020-0676-4
Information Centers on Energy Technologies - A Directory. Effective dissemination of information on R&D results and achievements
is the job of a number of specialised information centres operating
within the IEA's international energy technology collaboration
framework. This updated brochure presents the information centres
and explains how to obtain information from them.
with Climate Change: Policies and Measures in IEA
Member Countries reviews in detail new or
modified policies taken or planned by IEA Member
in 2001 to reduce climate damage. This is the third
volume in a series giving a comprehensive picture
of climate-related actions under way in the energy
sector. For more details: http://www.iea.org/bookshop/add.aspx?id=56.
Kyoto: Energy Dynamics and Climate Stabilisation details energy-sector options to reduce climate change. Identifying
mechanisms to deal with both international equity and economic
uncertainty, it addresses the fundamental question of how
to proceed beyond Kyoto.
For more details: http://www.iea.org/bookshop/add.aspx?id=53.
Emissions from Fuel Combustion: 1971-2000 provides
data designed to assist in understanding the evolution of
emissions from 1971 to 2000 in more than 140 countries and
regions, by sector and by fuel.
For more details: http://www.iea.org/bookshop/add.aspx?id=36.
World Energy Statistics from the IEA - 2002 Edition.
At a glance, clearly presented key statistics on the supply,
transformation, prices and consumption of all major energy sources.
The IEA is recognised world-wide as an authoritative source
of energy statistics. This volume provides a handy summary of
the key data.
To download: http://www.iea.org/bookshop/add.aspx?id=144.
For a pdf version of this and other IEA statistical publications: http://www.iea.org/Textbase/stats/index.asp.