Energy access database

Hundreds of millions of people have gained access to modern energy over the last two decades, especially in China and India. Rapid economic development in several developing countries, increasing urbanisation and ongoing energy access programmes have been important factors in this achievement. The IEA Access to Energy database provides a snapshot of progress made toward meeting the ultimate goal of universal access.

Access to electricity

An estimated 1.1 billion people – 14% of the global population – did not have access to electricity according to Energy Access Outlook 2017. Many more suffer from supply that is of poor quality. Around 84% of those without electricity access reside in rural areas and more than 95% of those living without electricity are in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and developing Asia. While still far from complete, progress in providing electrification in urban areas has outpaced that in rural areas two to one since 2000. Explore the Access to electricity database in the map below, or download the dataset.


Use of solid biomass for cooking

In Energy Access Outlook 2017, more than 2.8 billion people – 38% of the world’s population – lack access to clean cooking, typically using inefficient stoves or open fires in poorly ventilated spaces. Developing Asia and sub-Saharan Africa once again dominate the global totals. While the number of people relying on biomass for cooking is larger in developing Asia than in sub-Saharan Africa, their share of the population is lower: 43% in developing Asia, compared with almost 80% in sub-Saharan Africa. In 25 countries, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa, more than 90% of households rely on wood, charcoal and waste for cooking. Explore the use of biomass for cooking database in the map below, or download the dataset.


Our work on Energy access