|Policy Status||In force|
|Date Effective||1 December 2008|
|Agency||•Ministry of Mines and Energy|
|Further Information||•Plan is in Portuguese|
•Enhancement of Existing Policy
•Biofuels for Transport
•Biomass for Power
•Multiple Renewable Energy Sources
|Policy Sector||•Multi-sectoral Policy|
|Description||In December 2008 Brazil's president signed the National Climate Change Plan (PNMC) into effect. The Plan largely focuses on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation, and contains targets fore cutting deforestation, and establishing funding mechanisms and financial incentives to achieve the aim of reducing Amazon deforestation by over half by 2017.
The Plan does also contain provisions regarding energy efficiency and renewable energy. It seeks to increase energy efficiency across various sectors of the economy in line with best practice and to maintain the high renewable energy mix in Brazil's transport and electricity sectors.
In terms of renewable energy, the Plan seeks to increase the share of electricity generated from wind and sugarcane bagasse plants, add a number of hydroelectric projects to the electricity network, expand the solar PV industry and exploit it for rural electrification. Electricity produced from cogeneration, mainly from sugarcane bagasse, is to make up 11.4% of the country's electricity supply by 2030. In the residential sector, the Plan also seeks to stimulate the use of solar water heaters and investigate how to facilitate energy production from solid waste.
The National Climate Change Plan also foresees an increase in the use of biofuels. It encourages industrial users to increase their average annual consumption of ethanol by 11% in the next ten years, and envisages implementing a 5% biodiesel blending requirement from 2010 rather than 2013 as previously planned.