In 2014, the IEA launched its energy policy review of Morocco, the first report of its kind dedicated to a country in the Middle East and North Africa region. The review, which was requested by Morocco, was the result of two years of intensive collaboration between IEA staff and their counterparts in Rabat at the Ministry of Energy, Mines, Water and the Environment. It built on an existing partnership between the IEA and Morocco, a very important partner nation.
Morocco, like most members of the IEA, is highly dependent on imported energy and it was important for the IEA to identify and understand the challenges that countries like Morocco face in in meeting their energy needs. Over the past decade, Morocco has taken a series of bold steps to diversify its energy mix, particularly in the electricity sector, while energy efficiency has been identified as a national priority. In 2007, the IEA and the Moroccan energy ministry signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Energy Cooperation, focussing on the areas of energy policy, statistics, research and development and the exchange of information.
Morocco has been selected as one of three countries for a pilot project to support the market penetration of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies. The project is a collaborative effort between the IEA and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and is due to be completed in the first part of 2016. Two Moroccan agencies, the Research Institute for Solar Energy and New Energies (IRESEN) and the Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN) are members of the technology collaborative programme focusing on solar chemical technologies, SolarPACES. SolarPACES is one of 39 such collaborative programmes supported by the IEA.