The Kingdom of Morocco became an Association country of the International Energy Agency on 14 November 2016, becoming the latest member of the IEA family and the first country in the Middle East and North Africa to join the Association initiative. Morocco has become the IEA’s fifth Association country, joining China, Indonesia, Thailand, and Singapore.
Morocco is highly dependent on imported fuel for its energy needs. Over the past decade, it has taken a series of bold steps to diversify its energy mix, particularly in the electricity sector, and energy efficiency has also been identified as a national priority. In 2007, the IEA and the Moroccan energy ministry signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on energy co-operation, focussing on the areas of energy policy, statistics, research and development and the exchange of information. IEA and Morocco plan to develop new joint programmes under Association to support Morocco in its transition toward a low-carbon economy.
Morocco it has abundant renewable energy resources, mainly solar, wind and hydro-power, and is a leader in deploying clean energy technologies. The Moroccan government has implemented a comprehensive plan to increase the share of renewable energy in the energy mix and significantly improve energy efficiency. It has set targets to increase the share of electricity generating capacity from renewables to 42% by 2020 and 52% by 2030 as well as targets for reducing energy consumption by 12% by 2020 and 15% by 3030 through energy efficiency. It was also among the first countries of the Middle East and North Africa to cut fossil fuel subsidies. Morocco’s commitment to a sustainable energy future and a comprehensive energy policy can serve as a model for other countries in North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa and beyond. The Moroccan city of Marrakesh hosted COP22, which moved the Paris COP21 agreement into the implementation phase.
The IEA’s 2014 Energy Policy Review of Morocco was the first dedicated to a country in the Middle East and North Africa region. In 2016, the IEA published a report under its Partner Country Series setting out the findings of a pilot study testing the IEA’s Clean Energy Technology Assessment Methodology (CETAM) in Morocco, one of only three countries chosen for the case study. The project was a collaborative effort between the IEA and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Two Moroccan agencies, the Research Institute for Solar Energy and New Energies (IRESEN) and the Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN) are members of the technology collaborative programme focusing on solar chemical technologies, SolarPACES. SolarPACES is one of 39 such technology collaboration programmes (TCP) supported by the IEA.
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