Indonesia (Association country)
While Indonesia remains a net energy exporter, its imports of oil and oil products have been rapidly increasing in recent years. This resource-rich archipelagic nation is the world’s fourth-largest producer of coal and the largest coal exporter. Indonesia is also Southeast Asia’s biggest gas supplier, with exports accounting for roughly 45% of its production. Globally, Indonesia is the tenth-largest gas producer and the seventh-largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG). In terms of renewable energy, Indonesia is the largest producer of biofuels in the world, and is increasingly scaling up efforts to exploit its extensive renewable energy potential, particularly in geothermal power (all data is as of 2014).
Indonesia's importance is underscored by its sizable population of 250 million people – the fourth largest in the world - and its significant role as a major producer and consumer of energy in regional and international markets. Indonesia is also the largest economy in ASEAN and an active member of the G20, APEC and ASEAN.
Indonesia and the IEA have built a strong bilateral partnership over the past years. Current collaboration covers a broad range of energy areas with a view to strengthen Indonesia’s energy policy and to address global as well as domestic energy challenges. At the IEA Ministerial meeting in 2015, Indonesia became one of the first countries to activate Association status with the Agency.
Indonesia's activation of Assocation status was not its first involvement at a Ministerial meeting; the country has been invited to IEA Ministerial meetings since 2011. The strong partnership between Indonesia and the IEA was fostered under a Joint Programme of Work that spells out the areas of substantive cooperation between Indonesia and the IEA, and also provides a roadmap for future technical engagement.
The IEA and Indonesia have completed two peer reviews (In-Depth Review) of Indonesia’s energy policies, in 2008 and again in 2015, which can be downloaded for free. Each review provided a series of useful recommendations for Indonesia’s energy policy. Beginning in 2013, Indonesia and the IEA further enhanced their co-operation by undertaking an expert review of Indonesia’s fossil fuel subsidies.
Indonesia and the IEA are also working closely together to strengthen Indonesia’s emergency policies and establish energy security policy mechanisms. In this regard, Indonesia concluded an Emergency Review Assessment (ERA) in 2014.
Over a number of years, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources’ Data and Information Centre (PUSDATIN) and the IEA have been working together on enhancing Indonesia’s energy data and statistics, which led to the publication of the IEA’s Data and Statistics Manual in Bahasa Indonesia.
Other topics of Indonesia-IEA collaboration include: carbon capture and storage, energy efficiency, renewable energy and electricity generation. Indonesia and the IEA have organised a number of joint workshops on these topics and are also actively engaged in ongoing policy research and capacity-building projects.
Indonesia and the IEA hold frequent high-level meetings to discuss global, regional, and bilateral issues of mutual interest and concern. For instance, in October 2015 the IEA Executive Director and the Indonesian Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources held a bilateral meeting on the margins of the G20 meeting of Energy Ministers.