Indonesia (Partner country)
While Indonesia remains a net energy exporter, its imports of oil and oil products have been rapidly increasing in recent years. This resource-rich archipelagic nation is the world’s fourth-largest producer of coal and the largest coal exporter. Indonesia is also Southeast Asia’s biggest gas supplier, with exports accounting for roughly 45% of its production. Globally, Indonesia is the tenth largest gas producer and the seventh-largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG). In terms of renewable energy, Indonesia is the largest producer of biofuels in the world, and is increasingly scaling up efforts to exploit its extensive renewable energy potential, particularly in geothermal power (all data is as of 2014).
Indonesia is one of the IEA’s key partner countries, with its importance underscored by its sizable population of 250 million people – the fourth largest in the world - and its significant role as a major producer and consumer of energy in regional and international markets. Indonesia is also the largest economy in ASEAN and an active member of the G20, APEC and ASEAN.
Indonesia and the IEA have built a strong bilateral partnership over the past years and the current collaboration covers a broad range of energy areas with a view to strengthen Indonesia’s energy policy and to address global as well as domestic energy challenges
Indonesia has been invited to IEA ministerial meetings since 2011 and the strong partnership between Indonesia and the IEA has been fostered under the Joint Programme of Work, which was renewed in 2013 and will be updated again in 2015 at the IEA ministerial meeting. The Joint Programme of Work spells out the areas of substantive cooperation between Indonesia and the IEA, and also provides a roadmap for future technical engagement.
The IEA and Indonesia have completed two peer reviews (In-Depth Review) of Indonesia’s energy policies in 2008 and again in 2015. Each review provided a series of useful recommendations for Indonesia’s energy policy. Beginning in 2013, Indonesia and the IEA further enhanced their co-operation by undertaking an expert review of Indonesia’s fossil fuel subsidies.
Indonesia and the IEA are also working closely together to strengthen Indonesia’s emergency policies and establish energy security policy mechanisms. In this regard, Indonesia concluded an Emergency Review Assessment (ERA) in 2014.
Over a number of years, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources’ Data and Information Centre (PUSDATIN) and the IEA have been working together on enhancing Indonesia’s energy data and statistics, which led to the publication of the IEA’s Data and Statistics Manual in Bahasa Indonesia.
Other topics of Indonesia-IEA collaboration include: carbon capture and storage, energy efficiency, renewable energy, electricity generation, and others. Indonesia and the IEA have organized a number of joint workshops on these topics and are also actively engaged in ongoing policy research and capacity-building projects.
Indonesia and the IEA hold frequent high-level meetings to discuss global, regional, and bilateral issues of mutual interest and concern. Most recently, the IEA Executive Director and the Indonesian Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources held a bilateral meeting on the margins of the G20 Energy Ministers meeting in October 2015.