Spain is a founding member of the IEA.
In-depth country review
The 2015 IEA review of Spain's energy policies is available for purchase at the IEA bookshop. The Executive Summary and Table of Contents are available for free download. See also the press release. The 2009 review of Spain's energy policies is available for free download here.
Since the last IEA review in 2009, Spain’s dependence on energy in renewables supply. Spain’s security of supply has further been improved with diversified import sources and enhanced storage capacity for both oil and gas.
In the electricity sector, Spain has built a large, diverse and reliable power generation fleet. After several years of efforts, the government has now also managed to solve the massive imbalance between the electricity system’s regulated costs and revenues. The broad and deep electricity market reform has fundamentally changed the remuneration scheme for renewable energy. Spain must now maintain its strong and long-term commitment to a financially sustainable electricity system. To improve investor confidence, it should also closely follow the principles of transparency, predictability and certainty when revising policies and regulations.
New momentum for establishing additional cross-border connections in electricity and gas will eventually enable Spain to use its large power and liquefied natural gas capacity to increase flexibility, diversity and security in the European Union internal market. The government should now focus on longer-term issues including energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions. A critical question is how to encourage the transition to a low-carbon energy system.
This review analyses the energy policy challenges Spain faces and provides sectoral recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.