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European Union

‌‌Since the creation of the IEA, the European Commission has been participating in the work of the IEA.

In-depth country review

The 2008 review is now available for free download.

In 2008, for the first time, the IEA presented an in-depth review (IDR) of the energy policies of the European Union. The second IDR is scheduled for 2014.

The energy and climate policies of the European Union shape the energy use of almost 500 million citizens in 28 EU member countries. Strong policies are being implemented to achieve the completion of the internal energy market by 2014 on the basis of the third liberalisation package. In line with the "20-20-20 by 2020" goals of the Energy and Climate Package the EU is set to increase the share of renewable energy to 20%, reduce its CO2 emissions by 20% and make the EU more energy-efficient by 2020. Concerns about security of supply have led to a strong focus on the EU external energy and trade relations through dialogues with producer, transit and consumer countries. At global level, today the EU leads in the deployment of renewable energies and the efforts to combat climate change in the transition to a low-carbon energy economy.