Regulatory scope and definitions The scope and management of rights Permitting storage site exploration, project development and CO2 injection Operating and closing storage facilities Management of long-term responsibilities and liabilities Additional Issues
Instrument Title
Definitions
Classification of CO2
Composition of CO2 streams
Geographic coverage, exclusions and prohibitions
Enhanced oil recovery (EOR)
Property rights
Competition with other interests
Preferential rights between CCS operators
Third party access to storage sites
Public participation
Permitting exploration activities
Controls on site selection
Environmental protection and impact assessment
Permitting CO2 injection and storage
Monitoring, reporting and verification
Inspections
Corrective and remedial measures
Operational liabilities
Financial security
Enforcement
Site closure
Allocation of long term responsibilities and liabilities
Financial contributions to long term stewardship
Additional issues
Australia
Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2009 (Qld GHG Storage Act), Australia, Australia, Queensland X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Petroleum and Geothermal Energy Act 2000 (South Australia P&GE Act), Australia, South Australia, Australia X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Greenhouse Gas Geological Sequestration Act 2008 (Victorian Onshore Act), Australia, Australia, Victoria X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2010 (Victorian Offshore Act), Australia, Australia, Victoria X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Canada
Mines and Minerals Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. M-17 (Alberta M&M Act), Canada, Alberta, Canada X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Oil and Gas Activities Act [SBC 2008] Chapter 36 (BC Oil and Gas Act), Canada, Canada, British Columbia X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Petroleum and Natural Gas Act [RSBC 1996] Chapter 361 (BC Petroleum and Gas Act), Canada, British Columbia, Canada X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Oil and Gas Conservation Act RSS 1978, c O-2 (Saskatchewan O&G Act), Canada, Canada, Saskatchewan X X X X X X X X X X X X
Carbon Sequestration Tenure Regulation (Alberta Tenure Regulation), Canada, Canada, Alberta X X X X X X X
European Union
Directive 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the geological storage of carbon dioxide and amending Council Directive 85/337/EEC, European Parliament and Council Directives 2000/60/EC, 2001/80/EC, 2004/35/EC, 2006/12/EC, 2008/1/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 (EU CO2 Storage Directive), European Union X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
United Kingdom
Energy Act 2008 (UK Energy Act), European Union, United Kingdom, European Union, United Kingdom, England, European Union, United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, European Union, United Kingdom, Scotland, European Union, United Kingdom, Wales X X X X X X X X X X X X
Environmental Protection: The Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Access to Infrastructure) Regulations 2011 No. 2305 (UK Infrastructure Access Regulations), European Union, United Kingdom, European Union, United Kingdom, England, European Union, United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, European Union, United Kingdom, Scotland, European Union, United Kingdom, Wales X X X X X
Environmental Protection: The Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Termination of Licenses) Regulations 2011 No. 1483, European Union, United Kingdom, England, European Union, United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, European Union, United Kingdom, Scotland, European Union, United Kingdom, Wales, European Union, United Kingdom X X X X X X
Environmental Protection: Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Licensing etc.) Regulations 2010 No. 2221, European Union, United Kingdom, Wales, European Union, United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, European Union, United Kingdom, England X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Environmental Protection: Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Licensing etc.) (Scotland) Regulations 2011 No. 24 (Scotland CO2 Storage Licensing Regulations), European Union, United Kingdom, Scotland X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
United States
North Dakota Administrative Code Chapter 43-05 Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide (North Dakota Storage Administration Statute), United States, North Dakota X X X X X X X X X X X X
North Dakota Century Code Chapter 38-22 Carbon Dioxide Underground Storage (North Dakota CO2 Storage Statute), United States, North Dakota X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
North Dakota Century Code Chapter 47-31: Subsurface Pore Space Policy (North Dakota Pore Space Statute), United States, North Dakota X X X
Oklahoma Statutes Title 27A, Chapter 3: Oklahoma Carbon Capture and Geologic Sequestration Act (Oklahoma CCS Act), United States, Oklahoma X X X X X X X X X
Texas Water Code, Title 2: Water Administration, Subtitle D: Water Quality Control, Chapter 27: Injection Wells (Texas Injection Wells Act), United States, Texas X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Texas Administrative Code, Title 16: Economic Regulation, Part 1: Texas Railroad Commission, Chapter 5: Carbon Dioxide (Texas CO2 Code), United States, Texas X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Texas Health and Safety Code, Title 5: Sanitation And Environmental Quality, Subtitle C: Air Quality, Chapter 382: Clean Air Act, Subchapter K: Offshore Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Texas Offshore Storage Act), United States, Texas X X X X X X X
Utah Code, Title 54: Public Utilities, Chapter 17: Energy Resource Procurement Act, Section 701: Rules for Carbon Capture and Geological Storage (Utah CCS Rules Statute), United States, Utah X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wyoming States, Title 35: Public Health and Safety, Chapter 11: Environmental Quality, Article 3: Water Quality (Wyoming Sequestration Permitting Statute), United States, Wyoming X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40: Protection of Environment, Parts 144 (Underground Injection Control Program), 145 (State UIC Program Requirements) and 146 (Underground Injection Control Program: Criteria and Standards) (USA Underground Injection Rules), United States X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40: Protection of Environment, Parts 78 (Appeal Procedures) and 98 (Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting) (USA CO2 Storage Reporting Rules), United States X X X X X
Louisiana Revised Statutes, Title 30: Minerals, Oil, and Gas and Environmental Quality, Chapter 11: Louisiana Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide Act (Louisiana CO2 Sequestration Act), United States, Louisiana X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Louisiana Revised Statutes, Title 30: Minerals, Oil, and Gas and Environmental Quality, Chapter 3: Exploration and Prospecting(Louisiana MOGEQ Act), United States, Louisiana X X
Montana Code Annotated 2011, Title 82: Mineral, Oil and Gas,
Chapter 11: Oil and Gas Conservation, Part 1: Regulation by Board of Oil and Gas Regulation (Montana Oil and Gas Statute), United States, Montana X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X