Glossary

The following definitions reflect those used by the International Energy Agency (IEA); definitions used by other organisations and publications may vary.

IAB

Industry Advisory Board (of the IEA)

ICE

internal combustion engine

ICRP

Initial Contingency Response Plan

ICT

information and communications technologies

ICUK

Innovation China-United Kingdom

IDR

In-Depth Reviews (IEA publications focusing on specific countries)

IEP

integrated energy policy

IGCC

integrated gasification combined cycle

ILCETP

International Low-Carbon Energy Technology Platform

IOC

international oil company

IOF

industries of the future

IPO

initial public offering

IPP

independent power producer

IPR

intellectual property rights

IRR

internal rates of return

ISL

in situ leaching

industry

a sector that includes fuel used within the manufacturing and construction industries. Key industry sectors include iron and steel, chemical and petrochemical, non-metallic minerals, and pulp and paper. Use by industries for the transformation of energy into another form or for the production of fuels is excluded and reported separately under other energy sector. Consumption of fuels for the transport of goods is reported as part of the transport sector.

integrated gasification combined cycle

a technology in which a solid or liquid fuel (coal, heavy oil or biomass) is gasified, followed by use for electricity generation in a combined-cycle power plant. IGCC is widely considered a promising electricity generation technology, due to its potential to achieve high efficiencies and low emissions.

international aviation bunkers

This category includes the deliveries of aviation fuels to aircraft for international aviation. Fuels used by airlines for their road vehicles are excluded. The domestic/international split is determined on the basis of departure and landing locations and not by the nationality of the airline. For many countries this incorrectly excludes fuels used by domestically owned carriers for their international departures.

international marine bunkers

This category covers those quantities delivered to ships of all flags that are engaged in international navigation. The international navigation may take place at sea, on inland lakes and waterways, and in coastal waters. Consumption by ships engaged in domestic navigation is excluded. The domestic/international split is determined on the basis of port of departure and port of arrival, and not by the flag or nationality of the ship. Consumption by fishing vessels and by military forces is also excluded and included in residential, services and agriculture.