The following definitions reflect those used by the International Energy Agency (IEA); definitions used by other organisations and publications may vary.
fatty acid methyl ester
fluidised bed combustion
foreign direct investment
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (United States)
final investment decision
framework programmes for research and technology development
Fusion Power Co-ordinating Committee, aka Fusion Working Party (of the IEA)
Former Soviet Union
catalytic production process for the production of synthetic fuels. Natural gas, coal and biomass feedstocks can be used.
a reaction when the nucleus of an atom, having captured a neutron, splits into two or more nuclei, and in so doing, releases a significant amount of energy as well as more neutrons. These neutrons then go on to split more nuclei and a chain reaction takes place.
a vehicle that has one fuel system but can mix different types of fuels, such as gasoline/ethanol, in the same tank, in any (or a wide range of) mixtures.
convert hydrogen into electricity using a fuel cell system. Hydrogen is typically stored on-board the vehicle for conversion, so these need not be plug-in vehicles. However, it appears likely that plug-in hybrid type fuel cell vehicles – with batteries and a fuel cell system instead of an internal combustion engine – may be an optimal configuration, and thus they would be plug-in vehicles.
a process in which nuclei collide and join together to form a heavier atom. When this happens a considerable amount of energy gets released. (This is what takes place at the core of the Sun.)
tradable financial contracts.