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Glossary Glossary

The following definitions reflect those used by the International Energy Agency (IEA); definitions used by other organisations and publications may vary.

E&P

exploration and production

EAF

electric arc furnace

ECA

export credit agency

ECBM

enhanced coalbed methane recovery

EEA

European Economic Area

EERE

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy (United States)

EFRC

Energy Frontier Research Center (United States)

EGR

enhanced gas recovery

EGSE

Experts Group on Science for Energy, (formerly known as the Ad Hoc Group on Science and Energy Technologies)

EITs

economies in transition: Russia, Former Soviet Union (FSU) and East & Central Europe (ECE)

ENARD

electricity networks analysis, research and development

EOR

enhanced oil recovery

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency (United States)

EPC

engineering, procurement and construction

ERE

Emergency Response Exercise

ERR

Emergency Response Review

ERU

emission reduction units

ES

electricity storage

ESCO

energy service company

ESMIG

European Smart Meters Industry Group

ETBE

ethyl tertiary butyl ether

ETC

energy technology collaboration

ETP

Energy Technology Perspectives(IEA publication)

ETS

emissions trading scheme

EUA

European Union allowances

EUP

Energy-using product

Eurostat

Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union

EV

electric vehicle

ExternE

external costs of energy (research project of the European Commission)

electric vehicle (EV)

a plug-in, battery electric vehicle. It is sometimes also termed ‘battery electric vehicle’. EVs do not have an internal combustion engine.

electricity generation

the total amount of electricity generated by power only or combined heat and power plants including generation required for own use. This is also referred to as gross generation.

electricity production

the total amount of electricity generated by a power plant. It includes own-use electricity, as well as transmission and distribution losses.

emergency response exercises

main objective is to train relevant government officials and oil industry stakeholders in emergency procedures. The IEA’s work in this area began with the development of Emergency Response Exercises for its member countries in the wake of oil supply disruptions in the 1970s, which threatened the global economy.

emission quota

the portion or share of total allowable emissions assigned to a country or group of countries within a framework of maximum total emissions and mandatory allocations of resources or assessments (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change).

emission reduction units (ERU)

representing 1 tonne of CO2 equivalent, generated under the Kyoto Protocol’s Joint Implementation provisions.

Energy Development Index

a composite measure of energy use in developing countries (developed by the IEA). Inputs are commercial energy consumption per capita, share of commercial energy in total final consumption (TFC), and share of population with access to electricity.

energy efficiency

something is more energy efficient if it delivers more services for the same energy input, or the same services for less energy input. For example, when a compact florescent light (CFL) bulb uses less energy than an incandescent bulb to produce the same amount of light, the CFL is considered to be more energy efficient. For more information

energy efficiency indicators

show policy makers where energy savings can be made.

energy intensity

a measure of total primary energy use per unit of gross domestic product.

energy poverty

a lack of access to modern energy services. These services are defined as household access to electricity and clean cooking facilities (e.g. fuels and stoves that do not cause air pollution in houses).

energy security

the uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price.

energy technology roadmap

focuses on a single technology and outlines a clear and systematic path for its deployment within a set time period. The roadmapping process involves detailed analysis and assessments of aspects such as research, development and deployment of the technology, the legal, regulatory and financial issues, and consumer acceptance issues.

enhanced oil recovery (EOR)

also known as tertiary oil recovery, it follows primary recovery (oil produced by the natural pressure in the reservoir) and secondary recovery (using water injection). Various EOR technologies exist, such as steam injection, hydrocarbon injection, underground combustion and CO2 flooding.

ethanol

is produced from fermenting any biomass high in carbohydrates. Today, ethanol is made from starches and sugars, but advanced generation technologies will allow it to be made from cellulose and hemicellulose, the fibrous material that makes up the bulk of most plant matter.

exchange-traded commodity

traded on an exchange which is controlled by rules and regulations, such as the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX). A non-exchange traded commodity is traded between physical buyers and sellers outside of such an exchange.

EJ

exajoule (1 joule x 1018)