Since the Pittsburgh Leaders' Summit in 2009, the IEA has actively supported G20 deliberations on energy by providing inputs to G20 Leaders’ Summits, Finance Ministers, Sherpa meetings, meetings of the G20 Energy Sustainability Working Group (established in 2013) and more recently, to the first Energy Ministers meeting in 2015. In 2014, the G20 agreed on "G20 Principles for Energy Collaboration", which were adopted under the Australia G20 Leaders’ Summit in November 2014. IEA contributes to all energy work streams, covering energy security, market transparency, renewable energy, energy access, energy efficiency and the phase-out of fossil-fuel subsidies, a core objective of the G20 since 2009.
The G20 is a global forum of major economies (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America) and the European Union. It was started as a meeting of Finance Ministers’ in 1999 but was later elevated to a Leader’s meeting at the Washington Summit in 2008. The G20 discusses and responds to critical issues facing the global economy, including energy. It has no permanent secretariat, rather a yearly rotating presidency among its members.
G20 countries account for 85% of global economy, 75% of world trade and two-thirds of the global population. At the same time, the G20 represents 75% or global energy demand and 80% of energy-related CO2 emissions.
Global Energy Demand 2013
|Global Energy-Related CO2 Emissions 2012|
(Source: IEA energy database)