How many cars will be on the planet in the future?
According to the World Energy Outlook 2011, some 1.7 billion vehicles are expected to be on the roads in 2035, an increase from approximately 800 million vehicles today.
How does the IEA work in the area of transport?
The IEA conducts a broad range of transport research and analysis, which focus on ways in which countries can improve energy efficiency in their transport sectors and shift to lower carbon fuels. This work involves analysing technologies and systems, which can be developed and adopted by countries to reduce dependence on oil and the amount of greenhouse gases produced by the transport sector. The IEA also works with economic analysis and scenarios of the potential evolution of the global transport system under different constraints, which are published in the annual World Energy Outlook and bi-annual Energy Technology Perspectives series. Finally, the IEA brings together representatives – from part manufacturers to global energy companies – to discuss areas of mutual concern and interest.
What kind of cars will be sold in the future, assuming climate-change friendly policies are implemented?
The World Energy Outlook 2011 presents three scenarios, which make different assumptions about government policies and their implementation in the years ahead. The most ambitious of these scenarios assumes that countries will implement national pledges and stronger policies after 2020, including the near-universal removal of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies, in order to achieve the objective of limiting the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to 450 parts per million of CO2 equivalent. This would limit global temperature increases to 2°C. To achieve this scenario, IEA analysis shows that 70% of global car sales will need to be of advanced vehicles by 2035. Advanced vehicles include hybrid (gasoline and diesel vehicles with an internally charging battery), electric (which are battery powered) and plug-in hybrid models (which uses two sources of power – most commonly gasoline, and batteries that can be charged from an electricity grid).
What is MoMo?
Mobility Model (also known as MoMo) is a global transport spreadsheet model developed in 2003 and continually updated. It contains historical data and projections to 2050 and includes all modes of transport and most vehicle types, including two- and three-wheelers, passenger cars, light trucks, medium and heavy freight trucks, buses and non-road modes (rail, air and shipping).
What is the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI)?
The GFEI is a group of four organisations united by a common goal of promoting greater fuel efficiency. The GFEI partnership is made up of the IEA, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP, the International Transport Forum, and the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) Foundation.
The GFEI works to create greater fuel economy in order to halve CO2 emissions by 2050 and achieve annual savings of 6 billion barrels of oil a year by this date.